手机棋牌游戏

  • 手机棋牌游戏
  • 关于宏景
  • 经营范围
  • 项目案例
  • 产品销售
  • 资讯中心
  • 企业招聘
  • 联系我们


  • 【文艺百科】雕塑
    发布日期:2015-07-20     浏览:1223次     文字分类:雕塑知识  

    YIDIAO、KE、SUYIJIDUI、HAN、QIAOJI、BIANZHIDENGSHOUDUANZHIZUOSANWEIKONGJIANXINGXIANGDEMEISHU。CHUANTONGCAILIAOYOUSHI、MU、JINSHU、SHIGAO、SHUZHIJINIANTUDENG。YUANDIAO、FUDIAOHETOUDIAO(LOUKONGDIAO)SHIJIBENXINGSHI。ZAITONGYIHUANJINGXIA,TONGGUOYUANDIAOHUOFUDIAOYIGEHUOLIANGGEYISHANGXINGXIANGGONGTONGBIAODAYIGEZHUTIDEZUDIAO。CHUANTONGGUANNIANRENWEIDIAOSUSHIJINGTAIDE、KESHIDE、KECHUDESANWEIWUTI,YIZHUTIDEZAOXINGXINGXIANGHEKONGJIANXINGSHIFANYINGXIANSHI。SUIZHEKEXUEJISHUDEFAZHANHEGUANNIANDEBIANHUA,XIANDAIYISHUZHONGCHUXIANLEFANCHUANTONGDESIWEIDIAOSU、WUWEIDIAOSU、SHENGGUANGYISHU、DONGTAIDIAOSU、RUANDIAOSUYIJIYUZHUANGZHIJIEHEDENGDUOZHONGYANGSHI。

    图1古埃及人面狮身像

    YANGEDIAOSUDECHANSHENGHEFAZHANYURENLEIDESHENGCHANHUODONGJINMIXIANGLIAN,TONGSHIYOUSHOUDAOSHIDAIZONGJIAO、ZHEXUEDENGSHEHUIYISHIXINGTAIDEYINGXIANG。DANGRENLEIHAISHENGHUOZAIMENGMEISHIQI,JIUTONGGUOQIAODASHITOU,BINGBATAMOZHICHENGGONGJU,JINERYUNYONGSHENMEIYISHI,BAKELIYONGDEWUTIDIAOMOCHENGZHUANGSHIPIN,YIZHICHENGWEIDANCHUNDEDIAOSUZUOPIN。YUANSHIDIAOSUSHIRENLEIDUIZIRANLIHEDONGWUDECHONGBAI,YIJIMIAOHUIRENLEIZISHENDEGUOCHENGZHONGZHUJIANRENSHISHIJIEDEFANYING。SUIZHESHEHUIDEFAZHANHEZHENGZHI、ZONGJIAO、JIANZHU、LINGMUDENGDUOZHONGSHEHUIXUQIUDEZENGJIA,DIAOSUZHUBUCHAODAXINGDUOYANGFAZHAN。RUGUAIJIRENMIANSHISHENXIANG(TU1),GUXILA、LUOMADIAOSU,ZHONGGUOQINHANDIAOSU,XIFANGZHONGSHIJIHEWENYIFUXINGSHIQIDIAOSU,DONGFANGFOJIAOZAOXIANG,DOUZAIYIDINGYIYISHANGCHENGWEIRENLEIXINGXIANGDELISHI。DANZHONGGUOGUDAICONGSHIDIAOSUDEGONGJIANGDIWEISHENWEI。20SHIJIYILAI,ZHONGGUOQINGNIANYISHUJIALIUXUEOUZHOU,BAXIFANGDIAOSUGUANNIANHEJIFAYINRUGUONEI,SHIXIANDAIDIAOSUSHIYEZHANXIANCHUXINGWANGQIANJING。BANSUIZHERENLEISHEHUIDEFAZHAN,DIAOSUYISHUYUELAIYUEZHENGMINGTASHISHIDAI、SIXIANG、GANQING、SHENMEIGUANNIANDEJIEJING,SHISHEHUIFAZHANXINGXIANGHUADELISHIJIZAI。

    分类雕塑按照材质,可分为泥塑(图2)、木雕、石雕、铜雕、瓷塑、陶雕等,在雕塑上施以粉彩称彩雕或彩塑。按照作品题材内容的性质,分为纪念碑或纪念性雕塑等。按照环境、用途、放置位置,又分为城市雕塑园林雕塑

    图2秦始皇陵兵马俑:跪射武士俑

    手机棋牌游戏SHINEIDIAOSU、SHIWAIDIAOSU、ANTOUDIAOSU、JIASHANGDIAOSUYIJIJIANGBEI、JIANGPAIDENG。RENXIANGDIAOSUANBUWEIFENGEYOUTOUXIANG、XIONGXIANG、BANSHENXIANGHEQUANSHENXIANGZHIFEN。XIANGYADIAO、HUANGYANGMUDIAO、DONGYANGMUDIAO、QINGTIANSHIKE、QIDIAO、SHUGENDIAO、ZHUGENDIAO、WEIDIAO、BEIDIAO、MIANRENHENIRENDENGYESHIDIAOSU,DANTONGCHANGGUIZAIMINJIANMEISHU、GONGYIMEISHUHUOTEZHONGGONGYIMENLEI。YUANDIAOHEFUDIAOSHIDIAOSUDEZHUYAOYISHUXINGSHI。

    YUANDIAOYUBEIBIAOXIANDUIXIANGXIANGSI,ZHANYOUKONGJIANDESHITIGOUCHENGDEDIAOSUGETIHUOQUNTI。TASHIZAIGEGEKESHIDIANDOUNENGGANDAOQICUNZAIDEKESHISHITI。YUANDIAOYIBANBUDAIBEIJING,ZHUYAOTONGGUOZISHENXINGXIANGHEYUZHIXIANGXIEDIAODEHUANJING,GOUCHENGTONGYIDEYISHUXIAOGUO,TONGGUOJIZHONG、JIANLIAN、GAIKUODEYUYANBIAODAZHUTISIXIANG。YIBANFANGZHIZAIKEGONGSIMIANGUANSHANGDEHUANJINGZHONG,YEYOUCHUYUZONGJIAODENGYUANYINHEHUANJINGBENSHENDEXIANZHI,ZHIYUNXUHUOYAOQIUYOUYIGEHUOJIGEGUANSHANGMIANDE,RUSHIKUHEMIAOYUZHONGDEFOXIANGBIKANDENGJIANZHUDIAOKEZHONGDEYUANDIAO。

    图3希腊帕提农神庙檐壁浮雕:雅典娜女神节上的列队(局部)

    手机棋牌游戏FUDIAOZHIYOUYIGEMIANXIANG(GUANSHANGMIAN)DEDIAOSUXINGSHI。TONGCHANGZHIYOUDIBANWEIYITUO,ZHANYOUYIDINGKONGJIANBINGBEIYASUODESHITISUOGOUCHENGDEDIAOSUGETIHUOQUNTI。YASUODEYUANZESHIJIANGXINGTIYONGTOUSHIDEGUILV,ANBILIJINGAO(HOU)YUANDI(BO),ZAIXIANDINGDEKONGJIAN(HOUDU、SHENDU)NEI,BIAOXIANCHUGENGDADEXINGTI。FUDIAOANYASUODECHENGDU,KEFENWEIGAO、DI、BOSANZHONG(TU3)。

    制作方法制作石雕或铜像通常需作1∶1等大泥塑,并把它翻制成石膏像作为过渡。石雕可用点型仪在石膏像上测出各部位的空间位置,在石块上逐一找出,由点及线又由线及面逐步把型体准确地雕琢出来。如果用石膏像做母型,做成浇铸用的内外型范(铸型和芯型),配上浇铸系统,就能浇铸出铜像。做圆雕泥塑手机棋牌游戏造型时,为了便于从各个角度观察和检查型体关系和效果,通常在可以转动的雕塑台架上塑造。浮雕只用木制固定底板托架即可塑造。4~5米以上的大型塑像,通常是在先做的小型定稿上找出定稿型体的各部位空间位置(坐标),然后按比例放大,特大型作品还可分段放大。

    雕塑作品的材质选择根据主题内容、形式和环境、功能的要求来确定。

    水泥雕塑用钢筋混凝土浇注,一般用于室外,主要以粗犷质朴的庞大体积和生动的形象打动观众。用白水泥制作的仿石雕塑具有一定的石雕材质效果,是廉价的室外雕塑材料。

    玻璃钢雕塑用合成树脂和玻璃纤维加工成型,质轻而强度高,成型快速方便,可制作动势大而支撑面小的雕塑构图。无色透明的树脂可制出透明度很高的玻璃体雕塑。供树脂用的各种色浆,可使玻璃钢雕塑表面获得饱和度很高的鲜艳色彩,也可镀铜仿金,材料本身具有现代感和装饰趣味。用树脂加石渣(钻朵斧或磨光)制作的仿石雕塑又称为玻璃钢雕塑

    手机棋牌游戏QINGTONGDIAOSUYOUCHENGQINGTONGXIANG、TONGXIANG。JUYOUNAISHIXINGHEZHUZAOXINGNENG,KEYIZUOCHUJINGQUEQINGXIDEXIJIEHEWANMEIDIBIAOXIANSUZAOSHOUFA。ZAIBIAOMIANJINGGUOBUTONGDEHUAXUECHULI,KEYIDEDAOSEZEBUTONG、FENGFUDUOYANGDEZHIGAN。QINGTONGDIAOSUJUYOUJINIANBEIXINGDETEZHENG,JISHIHESONGLIZAIGUANGCHANG、JIETOU,YESHIZUOXIAOXIANGDIAOSU。QINGTONGSHIGULAODEDIAOSUZAOXINGCAILIAO,ZHONGGUODONGZHOUDESHILAZHUZAOFACAIYONGNIANTU、SHAZIHENIUYANGFEN、DAOCAODENGPEIZHIZHUXINGLIAO。OUZHOUDECHUANTONGFANGFAZEYONGSHIGAO、NAIHUOSHULIAOHESHAZIPEIZHI。XIANDAIRONGMOZHUZAOFAXINGCHENGYU20SHIJI40NIANDAICHU,ZHUYAOCAIYONGSHIYINGSHASHUIBOLIXINGHEGUIRONGJIAO、GUISUANYIZHIXING,WEIBOQIAOZHUZAO,SHIYONGYUXIAOXINGZUOPIN。DAXINGDIAOXIANGYEKECAIYONGGONGYEZHUZAODEFANSHAGONGYI,ZHIJIECONGSHIGAOXIANGFANSHAZAOXING。

    手机棋牌游戏JINSHUDIAOSUZAOXINGGONGYIDEGUPIFAJIBANJINGONG、LENGZUOHUO,MINJIANCHENG“SHOUPAOHUO”,GUCHENG“TAISA”,SHIYONGSHOUGONGYIJISHUCHUIDAYIYANJINSHUBOBAN,SHIZHICHENGXINGPINHANERCHENG。

    石雕常用的石材有花岗石、大理石、青石、砂石等。石材坚硬耐风化,是大型纪念性雕塑的主要材料。大型石雕有号称“山雕刻”的美国拉什莫尔山国家纪念碑和中国的乐山大佛以及云冈(图4)、龙门等石窟造像,都是利用山形山势就地雕刻,与山体结合为一体,具有神圣的不可动摇的纪事、纪年性和法典性。石雕手机棋牌游戏材料品种丰富,花岗石质地坚硬,刚脆密实,适于粗犷或洗练的表现手法,能够达到很强的建筑感和质量效果。大理石颗粒细密,晶莹美观,硬度适中,易于雕琢加工。纯白色大理石是雕刻的主要石材,以意大利卡拉拉地区所产为最佳。文艺复兴巨匠米开朗琪罗的《大卫》、《摩西》等名作用的都是这种石料。

    图4云冈石窟19窟附2窟的倚坐佛像

    MUDIAOMULIAODIAOSUYINCAILIAORONGYIGANSUO、SHIZHANG、QIAOLIE、BIANXING、MEILAN、CHONGZHUBUYIZUOYONGJIUXINGDAXINGSHIWAIDIAOSU,YIBANDUOWEIXIAOXINGJIASHANGSHINEIDIAOSU。MUDIAOGOUTUYIBANYIYUANMUDEZHOUBIANWEIXIAN,LIYONGSHUMUWANQUDEZIRANXINGTAIXIANGXINGDUSHI,YINCAISHIYISHAOJIAFUZAO,BUSHITIANRANQUWEI。TEDINGCHICUNDEMUDIAOYEKEJIANGMUKUAIPINZHANSHIYONG。MUCAIZHIRUANBIANYUDIAOKE,SHIYIBUTONGDEDAOFAYIQUDEYISHUSHANGDEDUTEFENGGE。DIAOKEYONGMUCAIYINGXUANYONGGANZAO(CHENJIULIAO)、HANJIAOZHISHAO、WENLIMEILI、WENLIDE“JIN”HE“ROU”RUANYINGXIANGCHABUDA、MUZHIXIMIXINGCUI、SEZECHENZHEBUHUO、WUCHONGYANJIEBADE。CHANGYONGDESHUZHONGYOUNANMU、TANMU、LIMU、YANGMU、ZHANGMU、LONGYANMUDENG。NANMUZHIRUANRENERWUXING,BUPIBULIEBUZOUXING,SEZEANHESHENCHEN,GUPODIANYA,SHIHEDIAOKELISHITICAI、GUDAIRENWU,SHIMUDIAOYONGDESHANGDENGCAILIAO。TANMUYOUCHENGXIANGTAN,MUZHIJIEGOUXIMI,WENLIQINGXIMEIGUAN,ZHONGDENGYINGDU,XINGCUIBUBIANXING,BUZHANDAO,BUQIANGSI,SHIYOULIANGDEDIAOKECAILIAO。

    工具雕塑的基本工具是雕塑刀、石雕凿、石雕手机棋牌游戏锤、木雕刀、弓把、比例弓把、点型仪等。


    说说您的看法:(无须注册)

    所有评论:共0条评论


    暂没有评论。
    ;
    资讯分类 (Article classification)
    热门资讯 (Hot news)
    >>最新文章 (Latest information)