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  • 《浮雕头像、胸像》课程教学标准
    发布日期:2015-07-23     浏览:972次     文字分类:雕塑知识  
    第一部分:课程性质、课程目标与教学要求
    《浮雕头像、胸像》课程,是美术学院雕塑专业的基础必修课程。

    手机棋牌游戏《FUDIAOTOUXIANG、XIONGXIANG》DEKECHENGMUBIAOSHI:CUJINXUEXIZHELIJIEHEZHANGWOFUDIAOTOUXIANG、XIONGXIANGDIAOSUDEJIBENGAINIAN、JIBENZHISHI、JIBENYUANLIHEJIBENFANGFA;PEIYANGYUTIGAOXUEXIZHEDEFENXIXINGTIYUZHENGTIXINGSIWEIDENENGLI;TIGAOHEFAZHANXUEXIZHEDESHIJUEKONGJIANSIWEINENGLIHEZAOXINGSUZHI;ZENGJINXUEXIZHECONGSHIDIAOSUZHIZUOYUBIAOXIANDENENGLI。

    浮雕头像、胸像是雕塑专业学习的重要环节,使学习者为日后从事雕塑创作打基础的重要时期。因此,课程教学将紧密联系泥塑手机棋牌游戏实践,要求学习者关注人的头像、胸像解剖、运动规律和表现技巧的运用。为了更好地掌握课程内容,学习者要适当做些小型的人物浮雕速塑。

    第二部分:关于教材与学习参考书的建议

    BENKECHENGNICAIYONGZHONGGUOMEISHUXUEYUANCHUBANSHECHUBANDE、YOUYEQINGWENJIAOSHOUBIANXIEDE《DIAOSUYISHU》MEISHUJIAOCAICONGSHU,ZUOWEIBENKECHENGDEZHUJIAOCAI。

    WEILEGENGHAODILIJIEHEXUEXIKECHENGNEIRONG,JIANYIXUEXIZHEKEYIJINYIBUYUEDUYIXIAJIBENCANKAOSHU:

    手机棋牌游戏ADAOFU*XIERDEBOLANZHUPANYAOCHANGDENGYIDE《ZAOXINGYISHUZHONGDEXINGSHIWENTI》,ZHONGGUORENMINDAXUECHUBANSHECHUBAN。

    葛塞尔著傅雷译的《罗丹艺术论》,中国社会科学出版社出版。
    第三部分:课程教学内容纲要
    雕塑的概念:

    手机棋牌游戏XUEXIDIAOSU,DAODEYAOJIANLIQIDIAOSUDEZAOXINGGUANNIAN。DIAOSUSHUSHIJUEYISHUFANCHOU,YIBANDIJIANG,TASHIYIZHONGJINGTAI、KECHU、KEGUANDESANWEIZAOXINGXINGSHI。TATONGGUOYIDINGDEWUZHIZAITI,BIAODAZUOZHEDESIXIANGHEQINGGAN。XUEXIDIAOSUXUYAOPEIYANGLITIXINGTAIDESIWEIFANGSHI。

    雕塑可从材料、用途、形式上划分多种类别,如:泥塑、木雕、石雕手机棋牌游戏、金属雕塑;架上雕塑、室外雕塑;纪念性雕塑、装饰雕塑;圆雕、浮雕、透雕;具象雕塑、抽像雕塑等。

    雕塑语言:

    手机棋牌游戏DIAOSUBUTONGYUHUIHUA,YOUQIDUTEDEYISHUYUYAN,XUEXIZHONGYAOZHUZHONGDIAOSUYUYANDETANSUOYUYANJIU。ZHURU:XINGTI、KONGJIAN、LIANGGANDENGDENG,DOUYAOZAIJUTISUZAOGUOCHENGZHONGTONGGUOFANFUXUNLIANCAINENGZHANGWO。

    XINGTI:XINGTISHIDIAOSUDEJIBENYUYAN,TISHIYOUMIANXINGCHENGDE。YIJIANDIAOSUMIANBUMINGQUEJIUQUEFALIDU,XIANDEMIANRUAN,ZHAOCHUMIANDEZHUANZHESHIFENZHONGYAO。MIANDEXUNQIULIBUKAI“GAODIAN”,DIAN、XIAN、MIAN、TISHIDIAOSUZUOPINXINGCHENGDEZAOXINGYAOSU。SUZAOZHONGYAO“NINGFANGWUYUAN”YUYANKENDING。

    KONGJIAN:DIAOSUZUOPINDEKONGJIANGANBINGBUWANQUANZHIKEGUANWUTICUNZAIDESHIJIKONGJIAN,GENGZHUYAODESHIZHIXINGTIXIANGZHOUWEIKUOZHANGDEXINLI“SHITOU”、“QUXIANG”。KONGJIANYISHISHIYISHUJIATEBIESHIDIAOSUJIABIXUJUBEIDEPINGE,TASHIQIANZAIDESHIJUE、CHUJUEHEYUNDONGDEGANJUE。

    手机棋牌游戏LIANGGAN:TONGCHANGLIANGSHIZHIWUZHIDELIANG。ERLIANGGANZUOWEIDIAOSUSHUYU,ZESHIZHIXINLIDELIANG。LIANGGANYUANYUWULIDELIANGYOUYUZHIBUTONG,YOURUZHONGLIANGGANBUDANSHIZHIZHONG,HAIBAOHANZHESHIJUESHANGDEHOUZHONGGAN、JIESHIGAN、JINZHANGGANYIYANG。BIAOXIANLIANGGANBINGBUWANQUANQUJUEYUYONGNIDEDUOSHAO、WUZHIZAITIDEQINGZHONG,GUANJIANSHIZHENGQUESUZAOTI、MIANDEGOUCHENGHELIANJIEGUANXI。SUOWEILIANGGAN,SHICHONGMANSHENGMINGLIDEXINGTISUOJUYOUDESHENGZHANGHEYUNDONGZHUANGTAIZAIRENMENTOUNAOZHONGDEFANYING。ZHIYAOYOUYISHIDISUZAOWUTI,SHIZHIJUYOUDUIWAILIDEDIKANGGAN(ZHANGLI),ZIZAISHENGMINGGANHEYUNDONGGAN,JIUBIAODALELIANGGAN。

    方法步骤:
    确立某种步骤,不是绝对的规范,但对初学者却非常必要。

    手机棋牌游戏KAISHIZUOFUDIAOTOUXIANG、XIONGXIANGDIAOSUZHIQIAN,SHOUXIANYAOBAWODUIKEGUANDUIXIANG(MOTE)DEDIYIGANSHOU。ZHEIZHONGXIANMINGDEGANSHOUYAOGUANCHUANSUZAODEQUANGUOCHENG,ZHEIZHONGLINGWUWANGWANGJIUSHIWOMENZHUIQIUDEZUIZHONGDEYISHUGANSHOU。

    SHANGNIQIANDEDIYIBUSHIZUOFUDIAOBAN,ZHEISHIZUOFUDIAOTOUXIANG、XIONGXIANGDIAOSUDIAOSUDEJICHU。FUDIAOBANYAOGENJUDUIXIANGDEDONGTAI、BILI、ZAOXINGTEZHENGLAIJINXING,ZHUZHONGLITIDEKUANGJIAGUANXI,BIMIANFANSUO,JIANGJIUGOUTU。

    用泥巴塑造时大体可分以下三个阶段:建立大型,深入刻划,总体调整。

    JIANLIDAXING:TONGGUOGUANCHA、BIJIAO、FENXI,ZAILIJIEDEJICHUSHANGMINRUI、DADANDIJINXINGSUZAO,LITIDIBUZHUODAXING,HELIDEJINXINGTIJIYASUO。YAOBADUIXIANGKANDEDANCHUNYIXIE,QUFENBENZHIYUBIAOXIANG,SHIZHONGZHUAQUZHUYAODEDONGXI。BUYAOGULIDEZHIZHUYITOUWENDEZAOXING,YAOTEBIEZHUYITOU、JING、XIONGSANZHEZHIJIANDEZUHEGUANXI。YAOYIKUANGJIAGUANNIAN,JIHETIJIDEGUANNIANLAIGOUZHU、SUZAO。KEFUTONGGUODUILUNKUOLAISUZAODEHUAIXIGUAN。

    手机棋牌游戏SHENRUKEHUA:TONGGUODUIMEIGEJUBUHEJUTIKEHUALAICHONGSHI,FENGFUZHENGTIZAOXING。YIJUJIEPOUZHISHI,SHENRUDIFENXI,YANJIURENLEITOUBUZAOXINGGUGEJIROUDESHENGZHANGGUILVHEXIANGHUGUANXI。LIQIUBIAOXIANJUTIDUIXIANGDEZAOXINGTEZHENGHEQIZHI,GEXING。ZHEISHIYIGEFENJIE、ZUHEZHIZHIQUELIDEGUOCHENG。FANGZHIBIAOMIANDEMONI,YAOYOUXUANZEDEJINXINGZHONGDIANKEHUA,XUEHUIHEZHANGWOTILIANGAIKUODENENGLI。

    ZONGTIDIAOZHENG:CONGZHENGTICHUFA,HUIDAO“DIYIGANSHOU”ZHONGXINSHENSHIZIJIDEZUOYE。JIANCHAZUOPINZAOXINGSHIFOUZHUNQUE,XINGTI、JIEGOUSHIFOUCHONGSHI、YANJIN,DADEJIEZOUSHIFOUXIANMING,SHIFOUJUBEIYIDINGDETIGAN、LIANGGANHEKONGJIANGAN,YOUMEIYOUBADUIXIANGDEQIZHI、GEXINGTEZHENGBIAOXIANCHULAI,ZUOPINZHENGTISHIFOUHEXIETONGYI,SHIFOUJUBEIYIDINGDELIDUHEGEDIAO,TIJIYASUOSHIFOUHELI。ZHEIYIJIEDUANYAOWOKANSHAOZUO,LENGJINGDIDUIDAIMEIYIGEWENTI,SIXIANGMINGQUEZHIHOU,YOUZHENDUIXINGDI,ZHUDONGDIQUJIAYIJIEJUE,ZHIZHIDADAOBIJIAOMANYIDEXIAOGUO。

    FUDIAOTOUXIANG、XIONGXIANGYAOQIUSHIQIANGDIAOXIESHI,ZHEIHECHANGDAOGENJUMEIGEXUESHENGZIJIDETEDIANYOUGEXINGDEQUBIAOXIANBINGBUMAODUN。CONGYINIANJIGANGGANGJIECHUDIAOSUZUOTOUXIANGDAOERNIANJIJUBEIYIDINGDENENGLIZUOFUDIAOTOUXIANG、XIONGXIANG,SHIYIGEXUNXUJIANJIN,BUDUANXUEXI、BUDUANJIAQIANGDEGUOCHENG。ZUOHAOTOUXIANGFEIYIRIZHIGONG,ZHI*KETANGSHANGZUOJIJIANXIZUOYUANYUANBUGOU,ZHIYOUTONGGUOBUDUANDISHIJIAN,DUOKAN、DUOXIANG、DUOZUO,CAINENGTIGAOZAOXINGNENGLIHEYISHUXIUYANG。

    第四部分:教学方案简要说明

    手机棋牌游戏《FUDIAOTOUXIANG、XIONGXIANG》KECHENGDEJIAOXUE,DIERXUENIANANPAI4ZHOU。KESHIJIHUASHIMEIZHOU16XUESHI。JIAOSHIGENJUXUESHISHIDANGDIAOZHENGBUFENJIAOXUENEIRONG。BENKECHENGJIAOXUEZHUYAOCAIYONGKETANGJIANGSHOUYUSHIJIAN、ZHIDAOXIANGJIEHE,BAKEXUEYANJIUYUYISHUBIAOXIANDEYOUGUANSIXIANGFANGFAZHIJIEHUOJIANJIEDIYINRUKETANGJIAOXUEGUOCHENG。ZAIYOUTIAOJIANDEDIFANG,BENKECHENGKEJIEHEDUOMEITIJISHUSHOUDUANFUZHUJIAOXUE。KECHENGJIAOXUEQIANGDIAOLIJIEYUSHIJIANXIANGJIEHE。JINXINGSHIDANGDEYANJIUXINGJIAOXUESHEJI,YAOQIUXUESHENGXUNZHAOYOUGUANTOUXIANG、XIONGXIANGJIEPOUDESHUJIHEJUXIANGBIAOXIANZHUYIDEXUESHULUNWENLAIYUEDU,BINGXIECHUJIANYAODEDUSHUBIJI,ZAIKETANGSHANGJINXINGJIAOLIUHEDAYI。

    第五部分:课程作业与考核评价的说明

    本课程重视平时的实践,每周都安排大量的泥塑实践作业,大部分由学生独立完成,要求在实践中理解,在理解后表现。基本上是一周安排学生完成一件头像、胸像习作,教师可以根据需要自行调整练习的单元课时数,比如一件做两周。

    手机棋牌游戏BENKECHENGDEQIMOPINGFENXINGSHIWEI:ZUOPINZHANSHI,JITIPINGFEN。JIZAIZUOPINZHANSHIXIANCHANGYOULIANGMINGHUOLIANGMINGYISHANGZHUANYELAOSHIGONGTONGPINGDING。TONGSHIYINGCANKAORENKELAOSHIDUIXUESHENGXUEXITAIDUJIRICHANGBIAOXIANDEPINGJIA。

    BENKECHENGKAOSHISHEJIZHUYAOZAIYUKAOCHAXUEXIZHELIJIEYUZHANGWOTOUXIANG、XIONGXIANGDEJIBENJIEPOU、YUNDONGGUILVHEBIAOXIANJIQIAO;KAOCHAXUEXIZHEZHENGTIGUANCHAYUZHENGTIBIAOXIANDENENGLISUZHI;KAOCHAXUEXIZHEDEYISHUGANSHOUNENGLIHEBIAODANENGLI。

    BENKECHENGZONGPINGCHENGJIYOUQIMOKAOSHICHENGJI、PINGSHILIANXIQINGKUANGHEBIAOXIANQINGKUANGSANBUFENGOUCHENG,CAIYONGBAIFENZHI。QIMOKAOSHICHENGJIZHANZONGPINGCHENGJIDE90%,QITALIANGXIANGZHANZONGPINGCHENGJIDE10%。

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