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  • 中国古代雕塑家
    发布日期:2015-07-23     浏览:1019次     文字分类:雕塑知识  

    手机棋牌游戏DIAOSUJIAZAIZHONGGUOGUDAIDIWEIHENDI,DIAOSUBEISHIWEI“DIAOCHONGXIAOJI”,DIAOSUZHEWANGWANGBEISHIWEIJIANGREN。JINTIAN,WOMENNENGKANDAODEGUDAIDIAOSUZUOPINYICUNFEICHANGZHIDUO,DANZUOZHEDEMINGZIQUEWUCONGZHIXIAO。ZHONGGUODEGUDAIWENXIANHAORUYANHAI,GUANYUDIAOSUJIADEJIZAIQUEJISHAO,OUYOUTIJIYEWUFADUIZHENGYUXIANCUNZUOPIN。

    这里,我们将选择几位最知名的中国古代雕塑家向您做一介绍。
    STRONG蒋少游(约5世纪30年代——501)/STRONG;

    JIANGSHAOYOU,SHANDONGBOCHANGREN,BEIWEIWENXUEJIA、SHUHUAJIA、JIANZHUJIA、DIAOSUJIA。SHIZAIQI“HUIMINJIQIAO,GONGSHUHUA,SHANHUARENWUJIDIAOKE”,YOUCISHOUDAOBEIWEICHAOYANHANZUZHONGCHENDELIYU。HOUYOUDEDAOWENMINGHUANGHOUFENGSHIJIXIAOWENDIDEZHONGSHI,BINGWEIYISANQISHILANG、DOUSHUISHIZHE、QIANJIANGJUN、JIANGZUODAJIANG、TAICHANGSHAOQINGDENGGUANZHI。SUIRANSHISHUZHIJIZAIJIANGSHAOYOUCENGCANYUJIANZAOLETAIMIAOTAIJIDIAN、HUALINDIANCHIZHAODENG,MEIYOUTIJITAZAIDIAOSUFANGMIANDECHENGJIU,DANSHENGHUOZAIBEIWEIKAIKUJIANSIZUIXINGSHENGDENIANDAI,SHENWEI“JIANGZUODAJIANG”(XIANGDANGYUDAXINGGONGCHENGDEZONGZHIHUI)DEJIANGSHAOYOU,SHIYINGGAICANYULEZHURUYUNGANG、LONGMENSHIKUDEKAIZAOBINGFAHUILEYIDINGZUOYONGDE。DANGSHI,HENDUORENDOUDUIJIANGSHAOYOUSHENYOUWENCAIERZHANGQICONGSHIGONGCHENGJIANSHEHENWANXI,RENWEIZHEISHILANGFEICAIHUA。KEJIANGSHAOYOUSIHAOBUWEISUODONG,SHIZHONGJIANCHIZIJIXIAIDESHIYE。

    STRONG戴逵(约326-396)与戴颙(377-441)父子/STRONG

    ;DAIKUI,ZIANDAO,QIAOJUNZHI(JINANHUISUZHOU)REN,DONGJINMINGSHI。YISHENGYINJUBUWEIGUAN,JINGYUWENXUE、YINLE、HUIHUAYUDIAOSU。QIGONGXIANZHUYAOZAIFOJIAODIAOSUSHANG,ZAIFOXIANGYANGSHIZHONGGUOHUADEGUOCHENGZHONGQILEKAICHUANGXINGZUOYONG。SHIZAIDAIKUICENGZANGYUWEIMUZHIHOUQINGTINGMIAOZHONGYIBANMINZHONGDUIFOXIANGYOULIEDEBAOBIAN,BINGCAINAQIZHONGHELIDEJIANYILAIWANSHANZIJIDECHUANGZUO。DANGSHITASUOSUDEWUZUNFOXIANGYUGUKAIZHIHUIDEWEIMOJIEXIANGJISHIZIGUO(SILILANKA)SONGLAIDEYUFOBINGCHENGWEIWAGUANSI“SANJUE”。CIWAI,DAIKUIHAIGAIJINLEFOXIANGZHIZAOGONGYI,RONGRULECHUANTONGDEXIUQIJISHU,KAICHUANGXINGDIZUOCHUZHONGKONGDEFOXIANG,JIHOUSHISUOWEI“JIAZHUXIANG”。

    戴颙(377-441),字仲若,戴逵次子。受其父影响,同样善书、画、琴、塑,且终生不仕。戴颙青年时便参与造像活动,积累了丰富的经验,是当时最负盛名的造像高手。史载宋世子命人在瓦棺寺铸一丈六高的铜佛像,像成之后发现脸部太瘦,匠们束手无策。戴颙看过说:“不是脸瘦,而是肩部太宽的缘故。”依此修改之后,果然得到了合适的比例。另据史载,晋代僧人慧护在吴郡绍灵寺造释迦像,戴颙嫌其式样古旧,但并未将其重铸,只是在肩以上缩短六寸,足以下减去一寸,结果面貌有了明显改观,达到了“威相若真”。赋彩是中国传统雕塑的主要特色,据说是戴颙最早将彩绘技法结合到佛教造像中。

    STRONG僧祐(445-518)

    /STRONGSENGYOU,SUXINGYU,ZUJIPENGCHENGXIAPI(JINJIANGBANSUININGXIBEI),SHAOSHIJUJIANYE(JINNANJING)。14SUICHUJIA,JINGYULVXUE,WEIYIDAIGAOSENG。TAZHONGSHENGSHOUJIFOJIAOWENXIAN,SUOBIANSHI《CHUSANZANGJIJI》、《HONGMINGJI》DENGZHIJINRENGSHIYANJIUFOJIAOSHIDEZHONGYAOYIJU。SENGYOUHAIQINZICANYUKAIKUZAOXIANG,JUZAIXIANCUNLIANGCHUNANCHAOSHIKU――SHESHANSHIKUHEYANXIANDAFODOUJINGGUOTADEJINGXINSHEJI。SENGYOUJINYONGYANGUANMUCEJIUNENGDADAOGONGCHENGSHEJISUOYAOQIUDEJINGMICHENGDU,JIANGRENZHAOCISHIGONGWANGWANGKEYI“CHICUNWUSHUANG”,ZHEIZHONGDIAOSUSHEJIYUSHIJISHIGONGDEJINMIJIEHEZAIDIAOSUSHISHANGSHIXIANGDANGNANDEDE。

    STRONG杨惠之

    /STRONGYANGHUIZHI,SHENGTANGSHIREN,YUHUAJIAWUDAOZIWEIXUEYOU,JUSHUOTAMENZAONIANYITONGXUEHUA,HOUYANGHUIZHIYIWEIWUDAOZIZAIHUIHUAFANGMIANSHENGJIYICHOU,BIANQIHUICONGSU。TACANYUZHIZUOLEZHANGAN、LUOYANGLIANGJINGHENDUOMIAOYUANDEZAOXIANG,SHISHENGJIYISHIDEDIAOSUJIA。QIFOJIAOSUXIANGBEICHENGZUO“JINGJUESHUSHENG,GUWULUNBI”。YANGHUIZHIYOUQISHANSULUOHANXIANG,SHOUCHUANGJIANGRENWUANPAIZAISHANSHIBEIJINGZHONGDEYANGSHI――BISU(YICHENG“YINGSU”)。XIANCUNJIANGSUJIAOZHIBAOSHENGSIDESONGDAILUOHANXIANGJIULIYONGLEZHEIZHONGFANGFA,YINERYIDUBEIFUHUIWEIYANGSHIDEZUOPIN。YANGHUIZHIZAIXIAOXIANGDIAOSUSHANGYEQUDELEHENGAOCHENGJIU。XIANGCHUANTACENGWEIZHANGANMINGYIRENLIUBEITINGSUXIANG,RENMENCONGXIANGDEHOUMIANJIUNENGRENCHUSHILIUBEITING。YANGSHIHAIZONGJIEDUONIANDIAOSUJINGYAN,XIECHENG《XIANGJUE》YISHU,XIXIANYIBUCHUAN。YOUYUYANGHUIZHIZAIDIAOSUSHISHANGYOUZHEHUIHUASHISHANGHUASHENGWUDAOZIDEDIWEI,HOURENYUTAWEI“SUSHENG”。

    STRONG文、伏二家族;

    手机棋牌游戏/STRONGXIANCUNDIAOSUZUOPINZHONGNENGLIUXIADIAOZHEXINGMINGDEJISHAO,SICHUANDAZUSONGDAISHIKEDUOCHUXIANGKANSHANGDOUJUANYOUDIAOGONGDEMINGZI,QIZHONGCHUXIANZUIDUODESHIWENSHIHEFUSHILIANGJIAZU。WENSHIJIAZUBAOKUOWENZHUIJIANJIQIZIWENJUAN、WENJULI、WENWEIYIJIQIZIWENJUDAO、WENMENGZHOU、WENCUZHANGDENG。FUSHIJIAZUSHUMINGDEZHUYAOYOUFUYUANJUNJIQIZIFUSHINENG、FUYUANXIN、FUXIAOYUAN、FUXIAOBADENG。MINGZIQIANMIANYOUZHURU“DOUZUO”、“JUANJIANG”、“XIAOZUO”DETOUXIAN,KEJIANTAMENSHIYIDIAOKESHIJIADESHENFENZAIGUANFANGDESHOUGONGYEJIGOUZHONGRENZHI。ZAIGUDAI,DAXINGDEDIAOSUZUOPINHENDUODOUSHIYOUJIANGRENJIAZUJITIWANCHENG,TAMENWANGWANGJIDAICHUANCHENG,YIYOUXIUDEJIYIJILIANGHAODEXINYUYINGDELEGUZHUDEXINREN。

    ;
    STRONG阿尼哥(1244――1306)/STRONG

    阿尼哥,尼波罗(今尼泊尔)建筑师、雕塑家和工艺美术家。蒙古中统元年,阿尼哥仅17岁,便负责西藏黄金塔的修建工程,塔成后落发为僧。他以高超的技艺和才智受到元世祖忽必烈的赏识。至元十年(1273),元政府设立“诸色人匠总管府”统一管理营造、雕塑、冶铸及工艺制作,任阿尼哥为总管。至元十五年,皇帝令其还俗,授以光禄寺大夫、大司徒,兼领将作院使,掌管金、玉、织造等手工艺品的制作,品级相当于丞相。次年,主持兴建了圣寿万安寺白塔(今北京妙应寺白塔)。阿尼哥在中国的40余年中,主持修建建筑10余座,塑像、绘画作品不可计数,为喇嘛教在内地的传播,为汉、蒙古、藏各族美术的融合,为中、尼两国文化的交流作出了十分重要的贡献,有着深远的影响。

    STRONG朱碧山/STRONG

    ZHUBISHAN,YUANDAIDIAOSUJIA。ZIHUAYU,SHIMINGZHANGCHUNTANG,ZHEJIANGJIAXINGREN。SHENGZUNIANBUXIANG,YUEHUODONGYUYUANDAIWANQI。YIDIAOZHIYINQIQUSHENG,WEIYISHIGUANJUE。SHIZAITAYISHENGSUOZHIDEQIWUYOUXIEBEI、XIABEI、LINGZHIBEI、SHUNIETIANGUAGONG、YINCHABEI、CHAHUDENG,DADOUSHIJINGMEIJUELUNDEGONGYIMEISHUPIN,QIZHONGYOUYIYINCHABEIZUISHOUCHENGSHANG。DANGSHISHIRENMINGSHIRUYUJI、KEJIUSIDENGDOUCENGQIUTADIAOZAOYINCHAZUOWEIZHUSHOUDEJIAPIN。ZHUBISHANSUOZUOYINQICHUANSHIDEZHIYOU4JIANYINCHA。CONGMOUZHONGYIYISHANGJIANG,ZHUBISHANDEZUOPINDAIBIAOLEYUANDAIGONGYIZHUANGSHIDIAOSUHEXIAOXINGWANSHANGXINGDIAOSUDECHENGJIUYUYISHUTESE。

    STRONG泥人张

    /STRONG天津泥人张始于张长林(1826――1906),他是清末工艺家、雕塑家,字明山,后字行祖籍河北省深州,定居天津。父辈善作泥塑,明山青出于蓝而胜于蓝,技艺更精,时人称为“泥人张”。泥人张的彩塑人物形象逼真,性格鲜明,注意表现人物的心理,尤其擅长为人作小照。据说他只须与人对坐面谈,不动声色,暗中在袖口内笼泥作塑,很短的时间内即可完成。作品人物面孔虽小,但形神毕肖,栩栩如生。泥人张曾为京剧演员须生余之胜塑像,置于商店橱窗。因形神刻画惟妙惟肖,颇受观者叹赏。泥人张善画,有一定文学修养,作品富于书卷气,大量取材于民间传说和中国古典文学名著,如《水浒》、《红楼梦》等。其彩绘善用粉色和重色相结合的方法,风格典雅,明快秀丽。代表作有《渔樵问答》、《蒋门神》等。

    手机棋牌游戏NIRENZHANGDIERDAIZHANGZHAORONG(1863――1954),ZIYUTING,YICHENGQIFUERYOUXINCHUANG。ZAOQIYISHUFENGGEXIESHIGONGZHENG,HOULVEJIAKUAZHANG。ZUOPINDUOMIAOHUIPINGMINSHENGHUO,SUOZUOXIANGYIWENJIANLIAN,GAIKUOXINGQIANG;XIANTIAOBENFANG,TINGBAYOULIFUSEJIANDAN;ZHONGSHIZONGTIXIAOGUO,BUQIUXIJIE,SHANYUBIAOXIANDONGTAI。DAIBIAOZUOYOU《CHUITANGREN》、《;SANNIANGJIAOZI》、《YUGUI》、《ZHONGKUIJIAMEI》DENG。


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